It’s early September and the garden has been in full swing for a while here in WNY where I live in Zone 5b. This post is an update on what’s growing and thriving, but also a record of what didn’t work or was attacked by pesky pests, in hopes that these problems can be mitigated next year and hopefully you might find some advice from my garden experience.
Due to the pandemic, I was home a lot more than a normal spring and was able to start my starter plants indoors from seeds earlier than I ever had before. I also have a lot more space this year since we moved from our one bedroom apartment into our house, which meant I had more space and windows to grow my seedlings in.
I started a variety of seeds in mid-March including but not limited to: arugala, lettuces, beans, radish, beets, kale, chard, tomatoes, peppers, etc. Many of the colder weather, hardier plants could have been planted directly into the soil, but I thought I’d start them all indoors, I also direct sowed plants later in the season. Important to note, I didn’t have soil to sow seeds in until my husband and I designed and built our raised beds. Our front yard was just that, yard, compacted soil with thick grass.
After the raised beds were built we had to wait weeks for topsoil since there was a hold up with the landscapers and their supplier. In May there was a weekend of SNOW, around May 20th, so we had to cover our little babes with a covering and luckily they survived that terrible weekend. It was only our first raised bed that had any plants in since we still didn’t have topsoil and I only put hardy plants in the ground early around May 3rd including radish, beets, borage, peas, kales.
Here are some of the issues we’ve dealt with this summer and that I am now hopeful I will be more prepared for next season.
These suckers were extremely prevalent this summer. Luckily they mostly attacked an inedible plant that was on our property when we bought it, a rose bush, but they also enjoyed our healthiest basil plants.
Our Organic Solution
After researching how to handle these pests I found that hand collecting in diluted dish soap and water was the best option for us since I had time to walk the garden twice a day and collect. The beetles appeared in July and were heaviest around mid-month. It wasn’t just our garden that these guys harbored at to turn leaves into lace, we noticed them all over the neighborhood when walking our dog. They even entirely decimated a vine growing around a road sign. By mid-August they were far less prevalent. I had read that milky spores was good to spread on the ground to kill the larvae, but it is very expensive, so I’ll just keep my eyes out next season and do the same again. A note that I did not get the bags as I have heard that they attract the little buggers.
Squash Stem Borers
I designed and built a keyhole hugelkulture for my squash plants so that they had as much space as they needed. It is a beautiful garden that makes a lot of sense because it borders an existing circular flower garden around our well. All was going well, my zucchini and summer squash plants had large, green leaves that reached towards the sky, but sometime in late July my friend was visiting and noticed some troubling signs that proved fatal for my plants – squash stem borers had entered into the stem of literally every plant as well as mold on the leaves.
Our Organic Solution
The next morning I tried to kill the larvae by hand, I was successful with a few, but it seemed futile. I pulled off leaves that were dead and burned them to stop contamination. For the mold I sprayed a dish soap solution in the mornings to not burn the leaves in the hot sun. I have read that mulching more thoroughly around the base of the plants and stem as it grows is a good way to protect against the moths laying their eggs on the plant, this will be my game plan next season as well as relocating my squash plants.
There have been other lessons along the way this growing season, but for the most part it has been a very successful year. I have processed and have in stock a few pounds of a variety of the beans that we grew, tomatoes are processed, kale and swiss chard frozen and a lot of pesto. From this year’s experience I also have a lot of ideas of how to improve our gardens next year. I hope that your growing season was a success as well, as I know many people started gardening during Covid to pass the time, learn new skills, and be self-sufficient.